References for Research on Men Abused in Childhood


The following is a list of references for research that has been conducted on and around the issue of men sexually abused as boys.  It is not meant to be a complete list, and some references are not directly related to research on men abused as boys, but rather set the context for much of the research that has taken place. 

If you are interested in reading any of these articles, you can contact the journal directly or search Google Scholar.

Bachmann, K. M., Moggi, F., and Stirnemann-Lewis, F. (1994). Mother-son incest and its long-term consequences: A neglected phenomenon in psychiatric practice. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 182, 723-725.

Banning, Ann. (1989). “Mother-Son Incest: Confronting A Prejudice,”Child Abuse & Neglect, 13 (4), 563-570.

Benoit, Jeffrey, Kennedy, Wallace. (1992). “The Abuse History of Male Adolescent Sex Offenders,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 7 (4), 543-548.

Black, C., and DeBlassie, R. (1993). Sexual abuse in male children and adolescents: Indicators, effects, and treatments. Adolescence, 28, 123-133.

Bolton, F.G., Morris, L.A. & MacEachron, A.E. (1989). Males at risk: The other side of sexual abuse. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Boudewyn, A.C. & Liem, J.H. (1995). Childhood sexual abuse as a precursor to depression and self-destructive behavior in adulthood. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 8, 445-459.

Briere, J. & Elliott, D.M. (2003). Prevalence and psychological sequelae of self-reported childhood physical and sexual abuse in a general population sample of men and women. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27, 1205-1222.

Briere, J., Evans, D., Runtz, M., & Wall, T. (1988). Symptomology in men who were molested as children: A comparison study.Am. J. of Orthopsychiatry, 58(3): 457-461.

Chandy, J.M., Blum, R.W., & Resnick, M.D. (1996). Gender-specific outcomes for sexually abused adolescents. Child Abuse & Neglect, Vol. 20, 1219-1231.

Chandy, J., Blum, R., and Resnick, M. (1997). Sexually abused male adolescents: How vulnerable are they? Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 6, 1-16.

Collings, S. J. (1995). The long-term effects of contact and noncontact forms of child sexual abuse in a sample of university men. Child Abuse and Neglect, 19, 1-6.

Condy, S. R., Templer, D. I., Brown, R., and Veaco, L. (1987). Parameters of sexual contact of boys with women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 16, 379-394.

Davis, J.L. & Petretic-Jackson, P.A. (2000). The impact of child sexual abuse on adult interpersonal functioning: a review and synthesis of the empirical literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 5, 291–328.

De Jong, A.R., Emmett, G.A. & Hervada, A.A. (1982). Epidemiologic factors in sexual abuse of boys. Am. J. of the Diseases of Children, 136: 990-993.

Dimock, P. T. (1988). Adult males sexually abused as children: Characteristics and implications for treatment. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 3(2): 203-221.

Dodge, K.A., Bates, J.E., and Pettit, G.S. (1990). Mechanisms in the cycle of violence. Science, 250, 1678-1683.

Dube, S.R., Anda, R.F., Whitfield, C.L., Brown, D.W. , Felitti, V.J., Dong, M. & Giles, W.H. (2005). Long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse by gender of victim. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28, 430-438.

Etherington, K. (1995). Adult male survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 8, 233-241.

Finkelhor, D., Hoteling, G., Lewis, I.A. and Smith, C. (1990). Sexual abuse in a national survey of adult men and women: Prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors. Child Abuse and Neglect, 14, 19-28.

Finkelhor, D., Hoteling, G., Lewis, I.A. and Smith, C. (1989). Sexual abuse and its relationship to later sexual satisfaction, marital status, religion, and attitudes. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 4, 379-399.

Finkelhor, David. (1980). “Sex Among Siblings: A Survey On Prevalence, Variety, & Effects”, Archives of Sexual Behavior, 9, 171-194.

Finkelhor, D. (1981). The sexual abuse of boys. Victimology, 6, 76-84.

Freeman-Longo, R.E. (1986). The impact of sexual victimization on males. Child Abuse & Neglect, 10, 411-414.

Friedrich, W.N., Berliner, L., Urquiza, A.J., & Beilke, R.L. (1988). Brief diagnostic group treatment of sexually abused boys. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 3, 331-343.

Friedrich, W., Beilke, R., and Urquiza, A. (1987). Children from sexually abusive families: A behavioral comparison. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2, 391-402.

Friedrich, W., Beilke, R., and Urquiza, A. (1988). Behavior problems in young sexually abused boys. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 3, 21-28.

Holmes, W., and Slap, G. (1998). Sexual abuse of boys: Definition, prevalence, correlates, sequelae, and management. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280, 1855-1862.

Hopper JW, Frewen PA, van der Kolk BA, Lanius RA. Neural correlates of reexperiencing, avoidance, and dissociation in PTSD: Symptom dimensions and emotion dysregulation in responses to script-driven trauma imagery. J Trauma Stress 2007; ;22:713-725.

Hopper JW, Frewen PA, Sack M, Lanius RA, van der Kolk BA. The Responses to Script-Driven Imagery Scale (RSDI): Assessment of state posttraumatic symptoms for psychobiological and treatment research. J Psychopathol Behav Assess 2007; 20:713-725.

Hopper JW, Pitman RK,… Elman IE. Probing reward function in posttraumatic stress disorder: Expectancy and satisfaction with monetary gains and losses. J Psychiatry Res 2008; 42:802-807.

Hopper JW, van der Kolk BA. Retrieving, assessing, and classifying traumatic memories: A preliminary report on three case studies of a new standardized method. J Aggression, Maltreatment, Trauma 2001; 4:33-71.

Hopper JW, Spinazzola J, Simpson WB, van der Kolk BA. Preliminary evidence for parasympathetic influence on basal heart rate in posttraumatic stress disorder. J Psychosom Res 2006; 60:83-90.

Hopper JW, Su Z, Looby AR, Ryan ET, Penetar DM, Palmer CM, Lukas SE. Incidence and patterns of polydrug use and craving for ecstasy in regular ecstasy users: An ecological momentary assessment study. Drug Alcohol Depend 2006; 85:221-235.

Hunter, Mic. (1990a). Abused Boys: The Neglected Victims Of Sexual Abuse. New York: Lexington Books.

Hunter, Mic. (1990b). The First Step For People in Relationships With Sex Addicts: A Workbook For Recovery. Minneapolis, MN: Compcare Publishers.

Hunter, Mic (Ed.). (1990c). The Sexually Abused Male, Vol. 1: Prevalence, Impact & Treatment. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Hunter, Mic (Ed.). (1990d). The Sexually Abused Male, Vol. 2: Application Of Treatment Strategies. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Lanius RA, Hopper JW, Menon RS. Individual differences in a husband and wife who developed PTSD after a motor vehicle accident: A functional MRI case study. Am J Psychiat 2003; 160:667-669.

Lanius RA, Williamson PC, Hopper JW, Boksman K, Densmore M, Gupta MA, Neufeld RWJ, Gati JS, Menon R. Recall of emotional states in posttraumatic stress disorder: An fMRI investigation. Biol Psychiatry 2003; 53:204-210.

Lanius RA, Hopper JW (2008). Reexperiencing/hyperaroused and dissociative states in posttraumatic stress disorder: Functional brain imaging research – and clinical implications. Psychiatric Times, Vol. 25, No. 13.

Lawson, Christine. (1993). “Mother-Son Sexual Abuse: Rare Or Underreported? A Critique Of The Research,” Child Abuse & Neglect, 17 (2), 261-269.

Lisak, D. (1994). The psychological consequences of childhood abuse: Content analysis of interviews with male survivors. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 7, 525-548.

Lisak, D. & Luster, L. (1994). Educational, occupational and relationship histories of men who were sexually and/or physically abused as children. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 7, 507-523.

Lisak, D. (1995). Integrating a critique of gender in the treatment of male survivors of childhood abuse. Psychotherapy, 32, 258-269.

Lisak, D. & Beszterczey, S. K. (2007). The cycle of violence: The life histories of 43 death row inmates. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 8, 118-128.

Lisak, D. & Miller, P. M. (2003). Childhood abuse, PTSD, substance abuse and violence. In P.C. Ouimette & P. Brown (Eds.), PTSD and Substance Abuse Comorbidity. Washington DC: American Psychological Association, p. 73-88.

Lisak, D., Hopper, J., & Song, P. (1996). Factors in the cycle of violence: Gender rigidity and emotional constriction. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 7, 507-523.

Martin, G., Bergen, H.A., Richardson, A.S., Roeger, L., & Allison, S. (2004). Sexual abuse and suicidality: Gender differences in a large community sample of adolescents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 28, 491–503.

Marvesti, J. (1986). Incestuous mothers. American Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 7, 63-69.

Mendel, M.P. (1995). The male survivor. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Mezey, G., and King, M. (Eds.). (1992). Male victims of sexual assault. Oxford. UK: Oxford University Press.

Miller, P. & Lisak, D. (1999). Associations between childhood abuse and personality disorder symptoms in college males. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 6, 642-656.

Morana, P.B., Vuchinich, S., & Hall, N.K. (2004). Associations between types of maltreatment and substance use during adolescence. Child Abuse & Neglect 28, 565–574.

Myers, M.F. (1989). Men sexually assaulted as adults and sexually abused as boys. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 18(3): 203-215.

Nasjleti, M. Suffering in silence: The male incest victim. Child Welfare, 59(3): 269-276.

Perez, C. M. & Widom, C.S. (1994). Childhood victimization and long-term intellectual and academic outcomes. Child Abuse and Neglect, 18, 617-633.

Pierce, R. and Pierce, L. H. (1985). The sexually abused child: A comparison of male and female victims. Child Abuse & Neglect, 9: 191-199.

Reinhart, M. A. (1987). Sexually abused boys. Child Abuse & Neglect, 11: 229-235.

Risin, L.I. & Koss, M.P. (1987). The sexual abuse of boys: Prevalence and descriptive characteristics of childhood victimizations. J. of Interpersonal Violence, 2(3): 309-323.

Sack M, Hopper JW, Lamprecht F. Low respiratory sinus arrhythmia and prolonged psychophysiological arousal in PTSD: Heart rate dynamics and individual differences in arousal regulation. Biol Psychiatry 2004; 55:284-290.

Steele, W. (2007). Trauma’s Impact on Learning and Behavior: A Case for Interventions in Schools. Reprinted from Trauma and Loss: Research and Interventions, 2, N2 2002.

Tyler, K.A. (2002). Social and emotional outcomes of childhood sexual abuse: A review of recent research. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 7, 567–589.

Watkins, B., & Bentovim, A. (1992). The sexual abuse of male children and adolescents: A review of current research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 33, 197-248.

Widom, C.S. & Morris, S. (1997). Accuracy of adult recollections of childhood victimization part 2. Childhood sexual abuse. Psychological Assessment, 9, 34-46.

Widom, C.S. (1989a). Does violence beget violence? A critical examination of the literature. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 3-28.